The pulse of the times for high-quality development under the "double carbon" goal
Text / Du Jiangqian
In 2020, China pledged to the world to strive to achieve a peak in carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.
There is no doubt that this is a broad and profound economic and social systemic change.
From the central government to the provinces and cities, from policy measures to investment planning, the layout of large enterprises, from the environmental protection industry, the financial industry to the technology industry and the industrial industry, changes are quietly taking place under the "dual carbon" goal.
In this year's government work report, "doing a solid job of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality" is listed as one of the key tasks in 2021; the "14th Five-Year Plan" will also accelerate the promotion of green and low-carbon development. . As the first country among the world's major emitters to set a carbon neutrality deadline, my country needs to make great efforts to promote "carbon peaking and carbon neutrality".
In any case, under the "two-carbon" goal, the pulse of the times for high-quality development has already stirred.
Major powers take responsibility to achieve the "dual carbon" goal in a shorter time than developed countries
In China, carbon peaks, carbon neutrality, six words, have never been slogans.
On March 12 this year, according to the official Weibo of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration, in 2020, the country will complete 6.77 million hectares of afforestation, 8.37 million hectares of forest tending, 2.83 million hectares of grass to improve grasslands, and 2.096 million hectares of desertification prevention and control. The wetland protection rate is over 50%. Up to now, the national forest coverage rate has reached 23.04%, and the forest area is 220 million hectares.
Facing the future, the "14th Five-Year Plan" proposes that by 2025, China's forest coverage rate will increase by more than 1 percentage point from the current 23.04% to 24.1%, and the wetland protection rate will be increased to 55%. For urban black and odorous water bodies, accelerate the green transformation of the development mode, and reduce energy consumption per unit of GDP and carbon dioxide emissions by 13.5% and 18% respectively.
"The annual emissions of the United States are 4.8 billion tons, and the carbon emissions of the United States, Europe and Japan are declining. China is a developing country, and the situation of carbon reduction and emission reduction is severe and the task is arduous." At the opening ceremony of the 2021 Global Green Economy Wealth Forum and "Carbon Neutral At the theme forum, Li Yizhong, former minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and president of the China Federation of Industrial Economics, pointed out in his keynote speech that in 2019, the carbon dioxide generated by China's production and consumption activities reached 10 billion tons, the global total was 33.1 billion tons, and China's proportion reached 30 billion tons. %, still maintaining an annual growth rate of about 1.5%. He believes that China has only 30 years from carbon peak to carbon neutrality, which is less than the 40-50-year cycle of developed countries, and the challenges and difficulties are even greater.
On the other hand, my country's energy structure is relatively simple, showing the characteristics of "more coal, less oil and less gas". Reducing the use of fossil energy with high carbon emissions is one of the effective ways to achieve "carbon peaking and carbon neutrality". Therefore, the promotion of green and low-carbon development will have a significant impact on the entire industrial structure layout, energy structure adjustment, and new energy development and utilization.
Although the challenges are even greater, it has been agreed that this is China's responsibility as a major country to actively fulfill its international responsibility for addressing climate change and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. It is also the need and guarantee for the construction of a beautiful China.
The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China first put forward the ruling concept of "promoting green development, circular development and low-carbon development", which signifies that China will bid farewell to the extensive development model that relies on high environmental costs in exchange for economic growth, and then change to relying on science and technology to promote green development. , to achieve digital empowerment of green development. With the advancement of top-level design and policy system, through digital empowerment, we can improve efficiency, save resources, reduce energy consumption, and accelerate the recasting of industrial structures, production methods, lifestyles, and spatial patterns.
11. The construction of ecological civilization is a thousand-year plan related to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. There is no doubt that the "two-carbon" goal must be the meaning of the title.
China's "carbon neutrality" experience can be regarded as a "comprehensive work"
In fact, the attempt has already begun. "American International Group (AIG) invested in greenhouse gas emission reduction projects in Xinjiang and Sichuan, and used US$2 million to purchase carbon dioxide equivalent indicators for farmers' production and living emissions. This project installed drip irrigation and other water-saving facilities for 400,000 mu of farmland. Changed the water system of 50,000 mu of rice fields, fixed 120,000 mu of desert, etc., helping to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 310,000 tons equivalent."
For the world, China, as the world's largest manufacturing country, is responsible for a large amount of carbon emissions for global consumers by purchasing raw materials and exporting finished products. China's carbon neutrality goal is actually to achieve carbon neutrality for global consumers. and. At the same time, China has the most complete industrial system, the longest industrial chain, and the second largest consumer market in the world. China's carbon neutrality experience can be regarded as a "complete set", with other countries and economies as a "subset". ”, a corresponding solution can be found.
More importantly, China is still a developing country and is in the process of transition from high-speed development to high-quality development. Most countries in the world are either at a similar stage of development to China or lower than China's level of development. China's experience has broader reference value. A simple example is that the EU's service-based industrial structure and a carbon price of up to 60 euros per ton are beyond the reach of developing countries, and developing countries need to be practical rather than "ideal" "zero carbon". plan.
"In 2020, my country's carbon emission intensity will drop by 48.4% compared with 2005, exceeding the 40% to 45% reduction target that China promised to the international community." At the Summit Forum”, Ye Min, vice minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said that China has basically reversed the rapid growth of carbon emissions.
Jiujiuweigong quantifies personal green value or will become the next "blue ocean"
Also at this forum, Sheng Ronghua, deputy director of the Central Cyberspace Administration of China, pointed out that it is necessary to promote the cross-border application of digital technology, further accelerate the network, intelligent and clean transformation of traditional industries, and combine the carbon reduction advantages of the digital economy with green The broad prospects for development are closely integrated.
In 2020, the latest "Exponential Climate Action Roadmap" released by the Global Climate Action Summit pointed out that digital technology solutions in the fields of energy, manufacturing, agriculture, land, buildings, services, transportation and traffic management can already help reduce global energy consumption. 15% carbon emissions. In the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Outline of Vision 2035, the roadmap for carbon neutrality is very clear, and elements such as digital economy, new energy, and innovation are regarded as key pillars to achieve the goal of carbon neutrality. .
"Greening, electrification, and digitization are the keys to carbon reduction." According to Wu Hequan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and former vice president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the core issue in eastern my country is to improve energy efficiency, while the main issue in the west is how to increase non-fossil The proportion of energy supply, "Sichuan has the most abundant hydropower resources in the country, and the three prefectures of Sichuan can also develop wind power." He believes that Sichuan itself is the main supplier of carbon sinks, with vast forests, forestry, grasslands, and agricultural carbon sinks , can vigorously develop carbon sink resources.
Similarly, Wang Jinnan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, member of the National Committee of Experts on Climate Change, and President of the Environmental Planning Institute of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, pointed out that if the country wants to achieve the "dual carbon" goal, it is bound to decompose and refine the goals and tasks to various places, and local governments will become the The key to achieving the goal is that in the process of achieving "carbon peak" and "carbon neutrality", due to different energy structures and industrial structures, energy conservation and emission reduction tasks will inevitably be different, and the completion time will also be different.
For example, provinces with relatively developed economies such as Zhejiang and Shanghai can focus on technological innovation and industrial structure optimization; western provinces such as Gansu and Ningxia can continue to make efforts in exploring new energy development; provinces with high forest coverage such as Sichuan and Fujian Focus on ecological carbon sinks.
What is expected is that the concept of carbon neutrality is profoundly changing people's way of life and leading a new trend of green and low carbon.
Ant Forest is an excellent case - this software launched by enterprises can obtain "green energy" through walking, subway travel, online payment of utility bills, online ticket purchases, etc., and the energy can be used to apply for planting virtual trees , and eventually become planting trees in reality.
This means that quantifying an individual's green value may become the next "blue ocean". In the context of "double carbon", new business opportunities are emerging, and the participation of more companies will help build a carbon-inclusive green market with Chinese characteristics.
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